Prosecutors: Fires may mean PG&E violated criminal sentence

Prosecutors: Fires may mean PG&E violated criminal sentence

Sudhin Thanawala, Associated Press
Updated 2:33 pm PST, Monday, December 31, 2018

Photo: Noah Berger, AP


FILE - This Thursday, Nov. 15, 2018, file aerial photo shows the remains of residences leveled by the wildfire in Paradise, Calif. California's attorney general has told a federal judge it's possible Pacific ... more

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — A California utility's role in igniting wildfires last year could allow a judge to find that it violated terms of its criminal sentence in a 2010 gas pipeline explosion that killed eight people, federal prosecutors said Monday.

In a court filing, the U.S. attorney's office in San Francisco said state investigations blamed Pacific Gas & Electric power lines for some fires in October 2017. Investigators also found evidence that PG&E violated state law.

"These facts, specifically if PG&E started a wildfire by reckless operation or maintenance of its power lines, may serve as a basis for the court to find that the defendant corporation violated" terms of its probation, prosecutors said.

A U.S. judge in 2017 put PG&E on five years of probation following its conviction on pipeline safety charges stemming from an explosion of one of its pipelines in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Prosecutors' filing came after a judge overseeing the pipeline case asked PG&E to explain any role it may have played in a massive wildfire last month that leveled the Northern California town of Paradise and killed at least 86 people.

Investigators have not determined the cause of the wildfire that began Nov. 8, but speculation has centered on PG&E, which reported an outage around the time and place that the fire ignited.

The judge could impose new requirements on the utility if it's found to have violated its probation in the pipeline case. The company already has been ordered to pay a $3 million fine, run television commercials publicizing its convictions and have an independent monitor oversee the safety of its gas pipeline system.

PG&E said it is focused on assessing infrastructure to further improve safety and help protect customers from the "ever increasing" threat of wildfires.

"We are committed to working together with our state and community partners and across all sectors and disciplines to develop comprehensive safety solutions that provide safe, reliable gas and electric service to our customers in the future," the utility said in a statement.

A judge could find PG&E violated terms of its probation that banned it from committing another crime and requiring that it implement an effective compliance and ethics program, prosecutors said in documents Monday.

The California attorney general told the judge Friday that PG&E could face charges as serious as involuntary manslaughter or murder if investigators determine that reckless operation or maintenance of power equipment caused any recent wildfires in the state.

The court filings came after Judge William Alsup said last month that he wanted to know whether any requirements in the utility's criminal sentence "might be implicated" if PG&E equipment ignited a wildfire and what steps an independent monitor has taken to improve safety and reporting on power lines and fires.

Prosecutors said they did not yet have "sufficient information" about any role PG&E may have played in the Paradise fire or other fires this year to determine if the utility may have violated its probation.

They said that after wildfires in 2017, the monitor looked at the adequacy of PG&E's vegetation management plan and how it maintains and inspects electric poles and other equipment. They did not elaborate on any possible findings of that review.

Old News on a real problem: The New Nuclear Security Agenda

The New Nuclear Security Agenda

Despite the two decades since the end of the Cold War, nuclear weapons still pose a serious threat to the security of the American people and the world. Even though a nuclear exchange between the United States and Russia seems a distant possibility, large stockpiles of weapons in both countries still threaten each population. New proliferation challenges have emerged in South Asia, North Korea, and Iran and could spark a new nuclear arms race. And the greatest threat is the prospect that nuclear weapons will fall into the hands of terrorist organizations.
In a recent flurry of activity in response to this persistent danger, and in what many are calling the "New Prague Spring," the Obama administration has embarked on an ambitious nuclear security agenda. It has signed a New START treaty with Russia to reduce the number of nuclear weapons aimed at our countries. It unveiled a new Nuclear Posture Review that maintains a viable deterrent, yet it reduces the importance of nuclear weapons in U.S. security strategy. It hosted a Nuclear Security Summit that obtained firm commitments from countries to lock down loose nuclear material to prevent nuclear terrorism. And it is preparing for the upcoming Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review conference in May.
To discuss the implications of this new nuclear security agenda for the United States, the Center for American Progress is honored to host Sen. Robert P. Casey Jr. (D-PA) and The Honorable Ellen O. Tauscher, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security . Sen. Casey has taken a leading role in the Senate in addressing nuclear threat and he will deliver remarks on the New START treaty and its importance for U.S. national security. Following his remarks there will be a discussion with former Ambassador to the Ukraine Steven Pifer and Lawrence J. Korb, CAP Senior Fellow and former assistant secretary of defense under President Ronald Reagan. This discussion will be followed by remarks from Secretary Tauscher on U.S. objectives for the upcoming NPT Review Conference.
The Honorable Ellen O. Tauscher, Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
10:00 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. New START
Introduction by:
John D. Podesta, President and CEO, Center for American Progress
10:30 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. Discussion on the Nuclear Security Agenda
Ambassador Steven Pifer, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, former Ambassador to Ukraine
Lawrence J. Korb, Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress and former Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Reagan administration
Moderated by:
Rudy deLeon, Senior Vice President for National Security, Center for American Progress and former Deputy Secretary of Defense in the Clinton administration
11:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m. U.S. Objectives for the NPT Review Conference
The Honorable Ellen O. Tauscher, Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
For a full transcript click here.


EX-21 10 ex21.htm SUBSIDIARIES OF AT&T, INC.
Exhibit 21




FORM 10-K filed February 25, 2011

Legal Name
State of Incorporation/Formation
Conducts Business Under
Illinois Bell Telephone
AT&T Illinois;
AT&T Wholesale
Indiana Bell Telephone
Company, Incorporated
AT&T Indiana;
AT&T Wholesale
Michigan Bell
Telephone Company
AT&T Michigan;
AT&T Wholesale
Nevada Bell
Telephone Company
AT&T Nevada;
AT&T Wholesale
Pacific Bell
Telephone Company
AT&T California;
AT&T Wholesale;
AT&T DataComm
AT&T International, Inc.
AT&T International
SBC Internet Services, Inc.
AT&T Internet Services;
AT&T Entertainment Services
SBC Long Distance, LLC
AT&T Long Distance
AT&T Teleholdings, Inc.
AT&T Midwest;
AT&T West;
AT&T East
Southwestern Bell
Telephone Company
AT&T Arkansas; AT&T Kansas;
AT&T Missouri; AT&T Oklahoma;
AT&T Texas; AT&T Southwest;
AT&T DataComm; AT&T Wholesale
Southwestern Bell
Yellow Pages, Inc.
AT&T Advertising  Solutions
The Ohio Bell
Telephone Company
AT&T Ohio;
AT&T Wholesale
The Southern New
England Telephone Company
AT&T Connecticut;
AT&T Woodbury
Wisconsin Bell, Inc.
AT&T Wisconsin;
AT&T Wholesale



  Legal Name
State of Incorporation/Formation
Conducts Business Under
AT&T Corp.
New York
AT&T Corp.; AT&T;
ACC Business; AT&T Wholesale;
Lucky Dog Phone Co.; SmarTalk;
ConQuest; CQTalk!;
AT&T Business Solutions;
AT&T Advanced Solutions
AT&T Communications of California, Inc.
AT&T Communications of the Mountain States, Inc.
Conquest; SmarTalk;CQTalk!;
AT&T Communications of NJ, L.P.
AT&T Communications of New York, Inc.
New York
AT&T Communications of Illinois,
SmarTalk; ConQuest; Lucky Dog Phone Co.;
 ACC Business
AT&T Communications of the Southern States, LLC
ACC Business; SmarTalk;
AT&T; Conquest; CQTalk!;
Lucky Dog Phone Co.
Teleport Communications New York
New York
BellSouth Corporation
AT&T South
BellSouth Telecommunications, Inc.
AT&T Southeast
AT&T Alabama
AT&T Florida
AT&T Georgia
AT&T Kentucky
AT&T Louisiana
AT&T Mississippi
AT&T North Carolina
AT&T South Carolina
AT&T Tennessee




  Legal Name
State of Incorporation/Formation
Conducts Business Under
AT&T Mobility LLC
AT&T Mobility
AT&T Mobility II, LLC
AT&T Mobility
New Cingular Wireless Services, Inc.
AT&T Mobility


Company Overview of Blum Capital Partners

December 31, 2018 2:52 PM ET

Capital Markets

Company Overview of Blum Capital Partners

Executive Profile

Richard Charles Blum

Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman, Blum Capital Partners
AgeTotal Calculated CompensationThis person is connected to 12 Board Members in 12 organization across 12 different industries.

See Board Relationships


Mr. Richard C. Blum, also known as Dick, co-founded Blum Capital Partners in 1975 and serves as its Chief Executive Officer, President, general partner and Chairman. He was previously Partner at the firm from May 2006 to December 2012. Mr. Blum is a Co-Founder of TPG Capital L.P. He is the Founder and Chairman of Richard C. Blum & Associates, Inc. He is the Founder and Chairman of the American Himalayan Foundation. He is also a founding member of the Council of Advisors to National Geographic International. He serves as an Honorary Consultant to Mongolia and the Kingdom of Nepal. Previously, he co-founded TPG Newbridge Capital in the early 1990s and has been its Co-Chairman since September 2001. Mr. Blum founded Blum Center for Developing Economies at the University of California. He founded the Global Economy and Development Center at The Brookings Institution. He also founded the Blum-Brookings Conference to develop policy research strategy and to work on individual projects. He served with Sutro & Co. for 17 years from 1958 to 1975 and served as various positions including director and major stockholder. Mr. Blum serves as Co-Chairman of the World Conference on Religion and Peace. He serves as Co-Chairman - Asia at TPG Capital. Mr. Blum has been a Director of KFB Newbridge Advisors, Co. since 2000 and KFB Newbridge Control Corp. since 2000. He serves as a Director Emeritus of Northwest Airlines Corporation. Mr. Blum is a Member of Investment Committee of Montgomery Street Partners, LLC. He has experience serving as a director of other companies and serves on the board of directors of Pacific Alliance Group Holdings Ltd. He has been a Director of The Regents of The University of California since 2002. He serves as a Director at Coral Growth Investments Limited and Egyptian Direct Investment Fund. He serves as a Member of the Governing Board at University of California. He serves as a Member of Advisory Board at The Endeavor Group, Inc. He serves as a Member of Advisory Board of the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Mr. Blum serves as a Trustee of The Brookings Institution. He serves as a Member of Economic Advisory Council at URS Corporation. Mr. Blum serves as a Member of the Board of Trustees at American Cancer Society Foundation. He serves on the Boards of The California Academy of Sciences. He serves as a Board Member of the World Wildlife Fund and the Wilderness Society. He serves as Member of Economic Advisory Council of Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. He serves on the board of trustees of The Asian Art Museum Foundation, The Carter Center, Central European University, Glide Foundation, The National Democratic Institute and The Simon Wiesenthal Center Inc. He served as the Chairman of the Board of Regents for the University of California. He served as the Chairman of CB Richard Ellis Services. He served as the Chairman of CBRE Group, Inc. from September 2001 to May 2014. He served as Vice Chairman of URS Corporation from 1975 to November 2005 and also served as its Director until November 2005. He served as an Independent Director at CBRE Group, Inc. from May 1993 to May 13, 2016. He served as a Member of Economic Advisory Council of Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. He served as a Director of FRHI Holdings Limited. He served as a Director of Current Media, Inc. since May 2004. He served as a Director of National Education Corp., since 1987, Northwest Airlines, LLC from 1989 to January 2005 and Playtex Products, LLC since 1998. He served as a Director of Northwest Airlines Holding Corporation. He served as a Director of Triad Systems Corporation since 1992. He served as a Director of Standard Chartered Bank Korea Limited, Taft Broadcasting Corporation, Shaklee Corporation, Advanced Systems, Inc., Sumitomo Bank of California, Princeville Development Corporation and Myer Pty Ltd. He served on the boards of National Educational Corporation. Mr. Blum served as a Director at Glenborough Realty Trust Inc. since January 1998. He served as a Director at Korea First Bank Ltd. He served as a Director of Sutro & Co. until 1975. He was appointed as a Regent in 2002 by Governor Davis to a 12-year term from March 12, 2002 to March 1, 2014. He is active in numerous non-profit organizations. He has experience in the capital markets and securities business. Mr. Blum has long had philanthropic interests, primarily focused on global poverty and education. He was the recipient of UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business Alumnus of the Year Award in 1994. He was appointed by President Obama to be a member of the President's Global Development Council. Most recently, he was awarded the Haas School of Business' Lifetime Achievement Award. He received an Honorary Doctoral Degree from the University of San Francisco's McLaren College of Business in 2006. Mr. Blum holds a B.S. degree in Business Administration in 1958 and an MBA degree in 1959 from the University of California at Berkeley.

Corporate Headquarters

909 Montgomery Street
San Francisco, California 94133

United States

Board Members Memberships

Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman
Member of the Governing Board
Co-Chairman and Co-Founder
Member of Board of Regents


MBA 1959
University of California Berkeley
BSBA 1958
University of California Berkeley
Honorary Doctorate 2006
University of San Francisco

Other Affiliations




A Uranium One Story S

When Hillary Clinton came to town

Was anyone arrested for 1977 murder of two PG&E employees in Placer County?


PG&E Murder Charges


5000 Sprint Phones sold to PG&E


Sprint T-Mobile, Bennett v Southern Pacific The untold witness murder

SP and Sprint

Index For This Page
This page was last updated on November 12, 2015.

Southern Pacific Communications Company (SPCC)

The Southern Pacific Transportation Company (usually known as the Southern Pacific Railroad) operated its telephone system as an independent company, using copper wire as its method of transmission for the railroad's internal communications. By the late 1950s, the Southern Pacific and other railroads started to use radio microwave systems, which eliminated the need to maintain thousands of miles of pole-mounted aerial wire, and enabled dispatchers to communicate directly with the railroad's train engineers.
Southern Pacific Communications Company (SPCC) was formed in January 1970 to offer public and corporate access to its already internal "switched private network," used for the railroad's own interoffice communications. The service was also known as a Private Branched Exchange (PBX), compared to an FCC-regulated Public Exchange such as AT&T's nationwide long distance service. The coast-to-coast network was completed and began operations in December 1973. By July 1974, through acquistions and lease agreements, SPCC was the first company to offer nationwide voice transmissions by microwave. By the end of 1976, SPCC owned the major portions of its nationwide network.
The completion of its nationwide microwave network was the result of Southern Pacific's expanded use of its microwave communications system along the railroad's rights of way used for internal communications. In 1973, they began selling surplus time on that system to corporations for use as their own coast-to-coast private networks, thereby circumventing AT&T's then-monopoly on public telephone service. This was in response to an FCC ruling in 1971 that AT&T must allow open access to its local telephone exchanges, an attempt by AT&T to limit the growth of several new companies hoping to take advantage of new communications technologies. Naturally, AT&T was against this open access to its local exchanges and asked the FCC in May 1975 to overturn its decision, which it did soon after. In 1977, a new company by the name of Microwave Communications, Inc. (MCI) sued the federal FCC to overturn the decision.
Much like SPCC had done in 1973, MCI created its own "Execunet" service in 1974 that took advantage of the 1971 FCC ruling that allowed private line networks access to AT&T's local telephone exchanges. In a letter written in May 1975 to the FCC chairman, AT&T asked the FCC to prevent access to its network by MCI and many other growing companies, including SP's SPCC network. A decision by the courts in April 1978 forced AT&T to accept access by private networks, and became known as "Execunet II."
In January 1978, SP announced that its Southern Pacific Communications subsidiary would offer shared time on its "private-line" network. At about the same time, internal company documents began describing its private network as SPRINT. SP reportedly wanted to spin off its communications subsidiary to a third-party, then lease back time for the railroad's internal communication needs.


There are two versions of the story for where the Sprint name came from. One has it meaning Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Network Telecommunications (SPRINT), and has been reported as being the result of an internal name contest. The other, much less believable version says that the name meant Switched PRIvate Network Telecommunications. Regardless of where the name came from, Southern Pacific created Sprint in 1978 to take advantage of the open-access to AT&T's local telephone exchanges.
A third version comes from former Southern Pacific communications control wire chief Brijet Neff, with SPRINT being an acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Networking Telephony.
After the Execunet II decision was affirmed by the Supreme Court on November 27, 1978, SP began expanding its microwave system to include fiber optic cables laid along its railroad right of way. This combination of microwave communications and fiber optic cables was the basis for the creation of Sprint. The customer base had grown from 1,000 customers in early 1978, to 30,000 customers by the end of 1979. A news item in the New York Times, April 9, 1979, reported that SPCC offered three services: Sprint for voice transmission; Speedfax for facsimile transmission; and DataDile for data transmission. Within a short period, the three networks became known simply as Sprint. By mid 1979, the Sprint network had grown to serve 72 cities, making it the nation's largest specialized communications common carrier.
By 1981, Southern Pacific Communications Company, and its informally named Sprint network, had 200,000 customers and was handling 60,000 long-distance calls per day, at rates that were 20 to 50 percent lower than those being charged by AT&T. Following the January 1982 breakup of AT&T, and within the same year, SP's "Sprint" network grew to 900,000 customers in 45 states.
Southern Pacific sold Sprint to GTE Corporation in 1983, at about the same time as the planned merger of AT&SF and SP. GTE, parent company of General Telephone, as the United States' largest non-Bell telecommunications company, hoped to add the railroad's system to its own network to form the backbone for a new long-distance unit that would successfully compete with AT&T. Federal antitrust action forced AT&T to divest itself of its 22 local Bell companies by 1984. At the same time, AT&T's long-distance monopoly ended, clearing the way for competition from GTE and others.
GTE knew that a long-distance network would be relatively simple to create and extremely profitable once in operation. It had the engineering and switching capability but lacked the long-distance corridors in which it could install wiring. While Sprint came with a wired network, it offered hundreds of miles of open easements between major cities, along the railroad's right of way. GTE completed its acquisition of Sprint (officially known as Southern Pacific Communications Company) later in 1983, rechristening the operation GTE Sprint Communications.
In 1986, GTE sold Sprint to U. S. Telecom, subsidiary of United Telephone, a large telephone company that had a large presence in Florida. U. S. Telecom then changed its name to U. S. Sprint, and later started a wireless division, made other acquisitions, then spun off the original United Telephone wired local phone operations as Embarq. Many may remember U. S. Sprint for its "pin-drop" commercials, advertizing the quality of its mostly fiber optic system. The "U. S." was later dropped from the name, and the company returned to its original Sprint name.

SP Telecommunications Company and Qwest

Although SP had sold Sprint to GTE in 1983, there was still plenty of potential for the use of its right of way as a home for more communications infrastructure. After Philip Anshutz (then owner of Rio Grande Industries) bought Southern Pacific Transportation Company in October 1988, in March 1989 he also started Southern Pacific Telecommunications (SP Telecom) as a subsidiary company of Southern Pacific Transportation Company to take advantage of the railroad's extensive right-of-ways for use by underground telecommunications fiber optic lines.
The original Sprint was started by the Southern Pacifc in 1978 to sell capacity on the railroad's microwave telecommunications network for long distance communications. Their FCC licenses did not permit non-railroad resale, so they had to build their own parallel network. This was before fiber optics, when microwave was the technology of choice. Later some fiber was added along the right of way. Almost all fiber installed by Sprint other than the initial San Francisco to San Jose installation was done after SP's sale of Sprint to GTE, which is why Sprint's fiber east from Northern California follows the UP's former Western Pacific tracks through Feather River Canyon, rather than SP's line over Donner Pass.
After Anschutz's Southern Pacific started SP Telecom in March 1989, Anschutz paid $55 million in September 1991 to separate SP Telecom away from its Southern Pacific parent, to his own Anschutz Corporation, retaining full rights of access to the railroad's right of way for the purposes of installing telecommunications infrastructure. A list of telecommunications service providers in the November 1990 issue of Network World magazine, shows that SP Telecom had little presence in large metropolitan areas, where other companies, including Qwest, were already well placed. Qwest was shown as doing business in the large metropolitian areas of Indiana, Pennsylvania, Texas and Wiscosin. At the time of the September 1991 separation of SP Telecom from SP, the same magazine's list shows SP Telecom with a business presence in California, Florida, Indiana, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Texas. In almost every state where SP Telecom was doing business as a telecommunications provider, Qwest was a competing provider of telecommunications services.
Qwest got its start in 1987 as Qwest Microwave VII, Inc., and in December 1991 became Qwest Microwave Corporation. To expand its business, it served as the general contracting liason between Southern Pacific and MCI when MCI leased access to SP's right of way between Houston and Los Angeles for the burial of some of the earliest fiber optic-in-conduit installations. In 1988, Qwest acted as the contractor for the installation of fiber optic conduit between Los Angeles and San Francisco. In an appeals court case decided in 1998, testimony showed that Qwest was purchased by MCI in 1992, and in December 1994, MCI sold Qwest to SP Telecom. Through a series of mergers and acquisitions among microwave service providers that took place between late 1991 and April 1995, Qwest became Qwest Communications Corporation.
On December 28, 1994, regulatory agencies approved the merger of SP Telecom and Dallas-based Qwest. At the time Qwest was mostly a microwave telecommuncations company, but was also one of the fledgling companies that was taking advantage of the new fiber optics technology for communications. The merged company changed its name to Qwest Communications Company. In July 2000, Qwest made a successful hostile takeover of U. S. West Communications, the former Mountain Bell.
In a June 1995 press release about the construction of a fiber optic network alongside Southern Pacific tracks between Dallas and Los Angeles, Qwest described itself as follows:
A privately held subsidiary of the Anschutz Company, Qwest is the only company of its kind, providing comprehensive turn-key services in the three primary business areas of the telecommunications industry -- construction, carrier and commercial services.
Qwest designs and constructs fiber optic networks; manages its own nationwide long distance network; offers long distance services to commercial users, primarily small to medium-sized businesses; and is a premier "carrier's carrier," providing network transmission facilities to other long distance companies.

SP Construction Services

Southern Pacific laid fiber optic cable for Sprint and other companies with SP Telecom's own construction train beginning in 1988 and continued until 1991, when the Construction Services department of the railroad was spun off as a subsidiary of Anschutz Corporation. After the split in 1991, SP Telecom was free to provide fiber optic construction services to other railroads and other telecommunications companies. Free access to the SP right of way for the fiber optic cable was reported to be one of the main reasons Anschutz bought the SP.
The SPCS/Qwest train was used to lay multiple communications conduits along the right of way of Southern Pacific, and later, other railroads. The conduits were laid in what is known as a duct bank, owned by the telecommunications company, such as Sprint, MCI, WorldCom and Frontier Comunications. In 1996 and 1997, the construction train was working in northern New Mexico to lay fiber optic ducting for both Sprint and MCI. A side benefit was that SP Telecom received access to the duct bank at no charge, giving Anschutz's Southern Pacific Railroad its own fiber optic network. Om Malik wrote in his book Broadbanditis, published in 2003, that "by the time construction was finished in 1999, the network would span 18,500 miles and would connect 150 cities" in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
In 1994, SP Telecom purchased two grey former C&NW GP9's from OmniTRAX, and had OmniTRAX remanufacture the units at their shop in Loveland, Colorado. They were originally for the SP Construction Services (SPCS; AAR reporting mark SPCX) and were assigned to the fiber optic construction train. Qwest Communications took over the operations of SPCS in 1995, as Qwest Construction Services, and after adding more locomotives and more cable burial equipment, operated fiber optic construction trains nationwide.
The construction trains and fiber optic cable laying equipment of SP Construction Services, and later Qwest Construction Services, were later used along NS and CSX to lay fiber optic duct banks, along railroad rights of way. The agreement between Qwest and CSX was in May 1995. The cable plow cars were said to have been on the frames of retired General Electric six-axle locomotives. The train consisted of a plow, that buried up to 12 flexible conduits five feet underground at a walking speed, and large spools of the conduits on flat cars. The fiber optic cable itself was pulled by companies leasing the underground wire ducts from the railroads.
By mid 2000, the fifteen locomotives (SPCX 500-507 and SPCX 700-706) were out of service and stored. Within a few months, the units were sold on the used locomotive market, first to Ohio Central, then later to other companies. (photo in January 1998) (photo in 2002)


Although Sprint started out as a wired and microwave telecomunications company, it is now a wireless telephone company. Sprint spun off its fiber optic and local landline business to a company called Embarq, which is now known as CenturyLink. (CenturyLink at Wikipedia)
Southern Pacific Telecommunications became Qwest, which took over U. S. West as a regional wired landline telephone company, and a wireless cellular telephone company that leases capacity to other companies, including Sprint. Qwest (now CenturyLink) owns a national fiber optic network.
An article in the Wall Street Journal reported that Anshutz bought SP for $1 billion, sold it to UP for $3.9 billion, and still retained Qwest at a value of $10.7 billion. Qwest was later purchased by CenturyLink. (Qwest and Mountain Bell at Wikipedia)

Succession Summary

SPCC → Sprint → GTE → U. S. Telecom → U. S. Sprint (wireless) → Sprint → GTE → Verizon
SPCC → Sprint → GTE → U. S. Telecom → U. S. Sprint (wired) → Embarq → CenturyLink
SP Telecom (fiber optics) → QWest → CenturyLink


New York Times
Broadbanditis by Om Malik (John Wilet & Sons, 2003)
The Southern Pacific, 1901-1985 by Don L. Hofsommer (Texas A&M University press, 1986)
Telebomb, the Truth Behind The $500 Million Bust by John Handley (American Management Association, 2005)
Anschutz Company and Subsidiaries v Commissioner of Internal Revenue (United States Tax Court, Docket 6169-03, filed March 13, 2006)
The Anschutz Company at Referenceforbusiness.com
Various internet searches for Sprint, MCI and Qwest

More Information

MCI on Wikipedia (Microwave Communications, Inc.)
Execunet II Decision, April 1978(this was the basis for SP's creation of Sprint)
Sprint on NPR -- National Public Radio's "All Things Considered" has a one-minute history of SPRINT.

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